Mathura, the birthplace of Lord Krishna, is an ancient city in India known for its Hindu monasteries, spots, and temples. The ancient Hindu epic Ramayana mentions the city as one of the oldest in India. However, the region has been inhabited since the 6th century BC and has been subject to various historical and mythological dynasties in India. Mathura has a plethora of tourist attractions due to its ancient culture and tradition, the best of which are listed below.
1) The Krishna Janma Bhoomi Temple
The "Krishna Janma Bhoomi Mandir" is known as the birthplace of the Hindu deity Lord Krishna, who was the deity Lord Vishnu's eighth incarnation. The God King is said to have been born in a prison cell, and the exact location of the prison cell is now occupied by a temple that attracts thousands of tourists every year. The best time to visit is during the Janmashtami and Holi festivals when the festivities are at their peak.
2) Temple Dwarkadhish
The Dwarkadhish Temple, a relatively new temple in the ancient city of Mathura, was founded around 150 years ago by a Lord Krishna devotee. The temple is famous for its amazing swing festival, which takes place at the start of the monsoon season in this region. Lord Krishna depicted in this idol is in his "King of Dwarka" form, without the peacock feather or the flute.
3) Jama Masjid
Abd-un-Nabi, the Mughal governor, built the Islamic Mosque in 1662 AD. The Jama Masjid in Mathura is a significant historical monument in Uttar Pradesh. The mosque, which is close to the aforementioned Krishna Janma Bhoomi Mandir, houses the tomb of the Mughal governor.
4) Radha Kund
The town is a major pilgrimage site for Vaishnavites in India, and it is known as the location where Lord Krishna slew a Demon Bull. Lord Krishna is said to have formed the Radha Kund pool by striking the earth and causing water to emerge at this location. The pool is considered to be the most sacred, and thousands of pilgrims visit it each year.
5) Kusum Sarovar
The 450-feet-long and 60-feet-deep Kusum Sarovar is close to Radha Kunj. The reservoir was named after Radha, one of Lord Krishna's well-known consorts, who was believed to have met the Lord there. Visitors are encouraged to just go bathing at the reservoir because of its serene and peaceful environment. The evening Aarti is a must-see and frequently captured by photographers.
6) Kans Qila
The Kans Qila, also known as Kans Fort, was built by Raja Mansingh I of Jaipur and is named after Lord Krishna's maternal uncle. Raja Mansingh was one of the Mughal emperor Akbar's Navratnas. The fort is built in a distinct Hindu and Mughal style near the banks of the Yamuna River.
7) Mathura Museum
The Mathura Museum, formerly known as the Curzon Museum of Archeology, was built in 1874. The museum has appeared on postage stamps issued by the government of India due to its unique architecture and important artifacts housed here. The museum houses various ancient archaeological finds from the Kushana and Gupta Empire.
8) Govardhan Hill
Govardhan Hill is located near Vrindavan and is a popular pilgrimage site for Vaishnavites. The hill is mentioned in Hindu scriptures and was once lifted by Lord Krishna to defeat Indra, the Hindu god of rain and thunder. The legend associated with this pilgrimage site is quite interesting, and it will entice you to learn more about Hindu myths and legends.
The holy town of Mathura in Uttar Pradesh is also known for its special sweet dish known as 'Peda,' and the city has been mentioned several times in religious texts as one of the Hindus' most revered pilgrim sites. The aforementioned locations are must-sees because they provide a thorough understanding of Mathura's cultural and ancient historical significance.
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